# Changes for page Effective stiffness

Last modified by Fredrik Lagerström on 2020/03/04 16:38

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 ... ... @@ -1,0 +1,1 @@ 1 +Effective stiffness
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 ... ... @@ -1,0 +1,27 @@ 1 +For each iterative step in the calculation, we compute a new effective stiffness. This new stiffness takes the form of the A,,eff,, and I,,eff,, given by the strain and curvatures, which in turn are given from calculations performed with current section forces. The values used are the strain and curvature remaining after we have deducted creep, shrinkage, temperature and so on. This means that as the calculation iterates, these values will dwindle until the cracking has stabilized. 2 + 3 +We then have 4 + 5 +A,,eff,, = N / E,,c,, / ε 6 + 7 +I,,eff,, = M / E,,c,, / κ 8 + 9 +where 10 + 11 +* A,,eff,, = effective area 12 +* I,,eff,, = effective moment of inertia 13 +* E,,c,, = modulus of elasticity for concrete 14 +* ε = strain in the member's centroidal curve 15 +* κ = curvature of the member. 16 + 17 +Should section calculations be non-linear due to the stress-strain curve of the materials (this mainly applies to Ultimate Limit State), the effective stiffness will be smaller than it would be under linear elastic conditions, since it is adapted to the increase in strain and curvature. 18 + 19 +Since the A,,eff,, and I,,eff,, above have physical significance as section properties, they must not be allocated negative values. This means that measures must be taken when either N or M equals zero, in order to avoid division by zero. The original values for A and I will be used in such a situation. 20 + 21 +During cracking, the centroid of the section is moved from its original location in the uncracked section. The strain must be calculated in the cracked state in order to get a strain value that corresponds to A,,eff,,. This means that a cracked section gives 22 + 23 +ε = ε,,cg,uncr,, + κ ⋅ z,,cg,cr,, 24 + 25 +Note that the curvature does not change. 26 + 27 +[[image:1537734850918-743.png||height="320" width="498"]]

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